These tubes were probably made by (or for) Heinrich Geissler, possibly as early as 1850.
Sir William Crookes improved upon Geissler's technology so these are sometimes referred to as "Crookes Tubes".
By Sir Oliver Lodge
Semi - Technical notes: These tubes were powered using a Rhumkorff Induction Coil. The coil was powered using a standard power supply set to 12 volts. This coil works like the coil of a car in the days when cars used points. As a DC voltage is applied to the coil (charging a capacitor in the wood base) the coil operates like an electro magnet opening the "points". When the points open the capacitor discharges into the coil now acting out it's part as a transformer. It releases it's energy either by jumping the gap set by the adjustable arms (about 3/4 of an inch at most) or by powering the tubes.
Historical Note: I recently saw the text of a letter represented as being written by Sir William Crookes. The letter was a declination for a dinner. Sir Crookes declined due to a previous engagement at a seance. It was unclear to me if he was taking electrical equipment to the seance, but it was my impression is that he was going to perform experiments.
Unknown and Geissler Tubes
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